First 2006 Workshop
Environmental Protection in Urban
Development is defined in the Program of Action (POA),
agreed in 1994 at the International Conference on Population and
Development (ICPD). It states that “sustainable
development” is “a means to ensure human
well-being, equitably shared by all people today and in the future;
requires that the interrelationships between population, resources, the
environment and development should be fully recognized, properly
managed and brought into harmonious, dynamic balance.” The
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), adopted at the UN Millennium
Summit in 2000, also identifies “Environmental
Sustainability” as one of the eight goals, which includes the
following three targets: (1) Integrate the principles of sustainable
development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of
environmental resources; (2) Halve by 2015 the proportion of people
without sustainable access to safe drinking water; and (3) By 2020 to
have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100
million slum dwellers. The United Nations Population Fund
(UNFPA), one of AUICK’s sponsors, sets “Population
and Sustainable Development” as one of its three goals in the
2004-2007 MYFF Strategic Results Framework (SRF), saying
“Countries should address interactions between population
dynamics, sustainable development, and
poverty, including the impact of
sustainable socio-economic development, it is globally recognized
that the harmony of economic development and environmental protection
is most important, and each nation is making every effort to maintain
environmental protection as one of the global priorities. Since the
global environment is composed of local environments, environmental
protection cannot be achieved globally if it is not also achieved
locally. Today, medium-sized cities in Asia are experiencing rapid
population growth and socio-economic changes. While the concentration
of population in urban areas encourages economic activities and
improves living conditions, it also causes deterioration of the
environment unless there are effective countermeasures for
environmental protection, especially at the local level.
the viewpoint of “Population and Sustainable
Development” addressed by UNFPA, this first AUICK workshop of
2006 focused on achieving improved knowledge to address the urban
policy implications of the links between population processes and
environmental problems. The workshop was designed for senior officials
of AUICK Associate Cities (AACs) to deepen their understanding and
know-how on the theme through presentations, case studies, discussions
on current states and challenges their cities face in the fields of
industrial liquid waste, industrial and non-industrial solid waste, and
greening. The participants also developed concrete action plans for
environmental protection to be implemented upon their return to their
workshop was designed for the senior-most officials who are in the top
or second top position of the departments which administer city
planning or environmental protection from 9 AUICK Associate
(Bangladesh), Weihai (China), Chennai (India), Surabaya (Indonesia),
Kuantan (Malaysia), Faisalabad (Pakistan), Olongapo (Philippines), Khon
Kaen (Thailand), and Danang (Vietnam). Countries are listed in
Ward Commissioner, Ward No.2: Jalalabad Ward, Chittagong City
Vice Director, Weihai Environmental Protection Agency, China
Mr. V. R.
Executive Engineer & Superintending Engineer (i/c), Solid Waste
Management, Corporation of Chennai, India
Staff, Investigation and Evaluation, Environmental Impact Control,
Environmental Management Agency, Surabaya City, Indonesia
Nazruddin bin Ismail
Director, Urban Services and Environment Department, Kuantan Municipal
District Officer, Solid Waste Management, City District Government
Planning Officer III, Technical Section, City Planning and Development
Office, Olongapo City, The Philippines
Chief, Subdivision of Natural Resources, Natural Resources Section,
Office of Public Works, Khon Kaen Municipality, Thailand
Director, Department of Transportation and Public Works, Danang
People’s Committee, Vietnam
(Resource Person of the Best Practice in Chittagong)
City Planner and Head, Department of Architecture and City Planning,
Chittagong City Corporation, Bangladesh
Urban Planning Expert, Arab Urban Development Institute (AUDI)
Program Specialist, Asia and the Pacific Division, United Nations
Population Fund (UNFPA)
From Monday 19 June to Friday 29
19 June 2006
arrived in Kobe.
20 June 2006
Remarks by Dr. Hirofumi Ando, President of AUICK.
“Two Waves of Population Growth and Urbanization”
by Dr. Gayl D. Ness, Member of AUICK IAC.
Document [PDF of 319KB]
"Population/Urban Development and Urban Planning of Kobe City"
by Mr. Shigeharu Nagura, Urban Planning Division, Planning Department,
Urban Planning and Housing Bureau, Kobe City Government.
Document [PDF of
Report and Draft of Action Plan"
Report of Danang [PDF
»City Report of Khon Kaen [PDF
Report of Olongapo [PDF of 1,584KB]
21 June 2006
22 June 2006
Practice in Weihai"
Pingyi Sun, Vice Director of Weihai Environment Protection Agency,
[PDF of 8KB]
Practice in Chittagong"
by Mr. A.
K. M. Rezaul Karim, City Planner and Head, Department of Architecture
and City Planning, Chittagong City Corporation (CCC), Bangladesh.
Document [PDF of 1,539KB]
related to Waste Management:
Ochiai Clean Center; Fusehata Environment Center; and Resources Recycle
Center [PDF of 2,029KB]
Environment Center [PDF of 5,271KB]
23 June 2006
"Sustainable Urban Development with Disaster Safety"
by Dr. Shoichi Ando, Coordinator, Disaster Management Planning Hyogo
Office, United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD).
Document [PDF of 759KB]
Meeting for the Open Forum (UNFPA Seminar)
Forum (UNFPA Seminar) on “Population, Urban Development and
Environment in Asia”.
24 June 2006
“Environmental Issues in the Arab Region and the Activities
by Dr. Ali Mahmoud Mousa Madibo, Urban Planning Expert, Arab Urban
Development Institute (AUDI).
Document [PDF of 92KB]
Report and Draft of Action Plan"
Report of Faisalabad [PDF of 27KB]
of Action Plan facilitated by Dr. Ness.
Day: Sunday, 25 June 2006
participants moved to Minamata, Kumamoto Prefecture.
to the Sites of
Minamata Disease: Fukuda
Winery; Minamata Disease Municipal Museum; Reclaimed land on the
mercury-containing sludge; and Modou Fishing village and Minamata Bay.
8th Day: Monday,
26 June 2006
to the Facilities of
Minamata Disease: Minamata
Clean Center; and National Institute for Minamata Disease.
participants returned to Kobe
27 June 2006
“To Create Flower and Green City Kobe”
Mitsuru Tanaka, Manager, Planning Division, Parks, Greenery and
Landslide Prevention Department, Public Construction Projects Bureau,
Kobe City Government.
Document [PDF of 8,208KB]
“Beautiful Green Mountains and its Utilization”
Keizo Takahashi, Director of Forestry Management Office, Parks,
Greenery and Landslide Prevention Department, Public Construction
Projects Bureau, Kobe City Government.
Document [PDF of 9,936KB]
Kobe Municipal Arboretum; Flowers and greenery in the Urban Area.
10th Day: Wednesday,
28 June 2006
of Action Plan
facilitated by Dr. Hirofumi Ando and Dr. Gayl D. Ness.
Day: Thursday, 29 June 2006
and Evaluation of Workshop
29 June 2006
workshop program was highly regarded by all the
participants. They noted it had very good mix of classroom
sessions, field visits, an exchange of experiences and an opportunity
for the participants to reflect on the environment situation in their
own cities and where and how improvements can be brought about.
Most of the program components received very high evaluation from all
the participants. In particular, they were greatly impressed with the
presentations of the Best Practices in Weihai (China) and Chittagong
(Bangladesh), since they were well presented and gave the participants
first hand experiences to tackle with the environmental issues.
Through the visits to the municipal environment facilities, they
learned the importance of popular participation and increasing
citizen’s awareness in order to preserve natural resources.
They also learned it is an arduous task for the city administrator, but
it is a strategy that pays large dividends. They also learned that how
important it is to manage the waste treatment properly as well as
preserving the environment by their site visits and interaction they
had with Kobe city administrators.
They were also fascinated by their visit to Minamata City and learning
of its tragic history of mercury contamination caused by the single
company. It was a dramatic and eye opening experience and some of the
facts shown there may have been hard to acknowledge. However, knowing
about what happened there motivated all the participants to work for
the protection of their cities by applying what they learned to
The discussion with the Kobe citizens at the Open Forum, UNFPA Seminar,
also stimulated them to tackle problems they are facing in achieving
the goal of environmental protection in urban planning.
AUICK’s new workshop instruction method of action plan
development is still in the phase of development. Most of the
participants submitted ready-made action plans since the detailed
guideline of the action plan was given prior to the participation to
the workshop. They should be provided some kinds of idea on the action
plan and need to prepare the basic groundwork before their attendance,
but the final compilation with tips that they learn from the workshop
activities should be done during the workshop.
As a whole, all the participants were grateful that the workshop gave
them full opportunity to advance their understanding of the population
and environmental protection in urban planning, through the lessons,
especially the hard experiences, shared by the experts and
administrators in Kobe and Minamata City. As Kobe City started to
manage waste treatment after the first plague victim in Japan was found
in Kobe, and as the distressing disease experience has led Minamata
City to undertake a vast environmental protection program, the status
of human welfare is characterized by a dynamic balance of interactions
between natural and man-made forces. And no matter how great an amount
of money or effort is spent, it is often impossible to return a
once-polluted and all but destroyed environment to its original state.
This workshop was especially successful in that it emphasized the
importance of developing right policies for contributing to the
improvement of human welfare for the people not only in their cities,
but for the whole globe.