AUICK First 2010 Workshop
City Report and Revised Action Plan
An AUICK Action Plan for Weihai has established local welfare communities to improve citizens' disaster preparedness. These will be expanded and promoted by the Municipal Government in the revised Plan.
1. The City
Weihai is a medium-sized city with a total population of 2.5 million, situated 641 kilometers from Beijing in Shandong Province. The city suffers from such natural disasters as droughts, typhoons, snow and hail storms, earthquakes, floods and storm surges, such as on 4 March, 2007, when winds reached force 13, and an astronomical tide with a maximum seawater level of 321cm resulted in three deaths, seven missing and thousands of evacuees from 300 collapsed and 6,000 damaged homes. Direct economic loss was more than one billion yuan.4
Weihai's MCH system started in 1966. With the development of the economy and the increasing urban population, the system has been enhanced from medical treatment to include precaution, recovery, birth control and health education measures. The birth, death, infant, child and maternal mortality rates have gradually declined, as has the total fertility rate, since 1975.
In response to various natural disasters, the City Emergency Command System went into operation in 2009, using modern information technology to provide comprehensive disaster relief, and multi-angle, crossplatform decision support capabilities. The city has issued the Natural Disaster Contingency Plan for Weihai City, as an administrative guide to natural disasters and disaster relief work. The private sector is involved in contingency plans for severe weather, ice storm surge and earthquake emergencies, and Weihai Municipal Government is currently drawing up the Annual Training Plan, which will serve as a further guide. Lessons from drills and training are incorporated into the emergency plans, through their highlighting of practical problems, and the plans are constantly revised.
With the assistance of experts, the Ministry of Education educates school students on earthquakes, and various organizations assist in arranging disaster reduction knowledge contests, and widely publicizing earthquakerelated information to teachers, students and parents in the Public Safety Knowledge Handbook. In 2010, Weihai Municipal Government has set up primary and secondary emergency evacuation drill groups to further strengthen its disaster prevention organization and leadership.
2. Action Plan Progress
The Action Plan of the AUICK Second 2007 Workshop set up a Disaster Prevention Welfare Community Committee in the Government, including representatives of the Health Bureau, Weather Bureau, Construction Commission, the Bureau of Civil Affairs and the State Seismology Bureau. Then, local community welfare schools were set up in 10 of 268 communities of the city. These provide training to citizens on health, safety, disaster prevention and disaster relief, and are operated by 210 volunteers, including doctors, teachers, nurses and other health workers. The next step is to summarize the experience of the 10 pilot programs, and study other programs, in order to popularize the experience to the rest of the 258 welfare communities in the city.
3. Proposed Action Plan Revision
The revised Action Plan will promote the welfare communities already established in Weihai, specifically towards the establishment of 10-20 new local community welfare schools. A new committee will also be set up to deal with the issue of mothers, children and older persons during disasters, and old buildings in the city will be renovated to improve their disaster resistance.
Overall, the Plan will improve capacities of the Government and citizens to prepare for and respond to natural disasters, as well as drawing attention to the needs of mothers and children. The Bureaus of Health, Welfare, Education and Civil affairs, the Women's Federation and the Construction Commission will implement the Plan, in collaboration with doctors, nurses and volunteers of the local welfare communities. Funding will be from the Government and social funds, and the local media and schools / universities will provide further support.
Plan Time Frame: June