Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe

AUICK Action Plan Progress Report, 2010

The Context and Influence of the Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe

3.6. First 2007 Workshop on Population and Appropriate Water Environment Management in Urban Areas

First 2007 Workshop

First 2007 Workshop Action Plan Progress Reports

First 2007 Workshop

The First 2007 Workshop on Population and Appropriate Water Environment Management was held in Kobe, from 28 May to 8 June 2007. The participants comprised of a professor and eight senior officials from the AAC water and sanitation departments. Also at the workshop was a UNFPA Hanoi Office staff member, the Director of Asia and Pacific Region UNFPA, the President of UNFPA Tokyo Office, and an Associate Professor of Khon Kaen University. It focused on improving the knowledge of its participants on the links between population processes and water environment management problems. Presentations were given on wastewater management, the effects of pollution on water sources, the provision of safe and sanitary water to citizens, and the objectives and mandate of UNFPA in relation to the provision of welfare. Site visits were conducted to Kobe’s water and sewage treatment plants, and a UNFPA Seminar, “Asia’s Water in Danger - Population, Urban Development and Water Environment”, was held, attended by 200 citizens and students of Kobe.


First 2007 Workshop Action Plan Progress Reports


The Action Plan for Chittagong advocated for increased environmental education. The acting mayor concurred to organize programs in schools and colleges to educate students on water use or the 3Rs (Reduce, Recycle, Reuse), and to increase environmental protection and tree plantation for urban greenery. A specially formed steering committee monitored the plan, and an environmental awareness and water management seminar was organized at one of Chittagong’s high schools.
Plan status: partial implementation 


IThe plan for Weihai reviewed the city’s sewer sludge treatment for improvement based on lessons learned from Kobe. An investigation found the total capacity of sewage treatment to be 105,000 tons, producing 43,300 tons of sludge per day, and operational difficulties from landfill disposal. Research revealed many developed countries to be using the more environmental incineration disposal method. Information gathered from Kobe’s facilities, and those in Qingdao, Jinan, Tianjin, and Beijing, was used to advocate for a Weihai incineration plant, whose construction is now being planned.
Plan status: full implementation 


The Action Plan for Chennai aimed to increase waste segregation, education, disposal, development of slum area facilities, and urban greening. Huge funding of Rs.255.32 crores (approx USD 50m) was sanctioned from Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission of the Government of India for the plan’s implementation, producing a sanitary landfill, power generation from RDF (refuse derived fuel), waste compactors, transfer stations, 1,600 community bins, and composting facilities for bio-degradable waste for every ward. Over 100 committees of NGOs and resident welfare associations promoted waste segregation with the local media, and schools incorporated weekly environmental lessons and essay competitions from January, 2008. For urban greening, 150 parks were developed, and trees were planted along all major roads and medians.
Plan status: full implementation 



The Action Plan for Surabaya tackled the heavy pollution of the city’s rivers due to inadequate sewerage, after consultation among government departments, the local university and NGOs. Public amenities, bio-filters and wastewater treatment plants were built in sub-districts, and local seminars and competitions increased water environment awareness. Annually from 2007 to 2009, environmental preservation education was conducted for 600-900 citizens, entrepreneurs, teachers, students and Education Department employees, and the Mayor gave the opening speech to environmental training sessions which incorporated lectures, discussions and practical exercises. The plan increased river water sampling, human resources, environmental impact assessment and regulations, and air pollution and wastewater controls. An environmental database and status report, and a review of the Surabaya Sewerage Development Program Master Plan (SSDP) were implemented in 2008. Proposed industrial wastewater treatment plants were not built, as responsibility for this transferred from the Environmental Protection Agency (implementing the Action Plan) to the Public Works Department. As a result of the Action Plan, water consumption is decreasing, and treatment and recycling are increasing.
Plan status: significant implementation 


Addressing inefficient sewage treatment plants, the Action Plan for Kuantan proposed larger regional sewage treatment plants to improve water quality and reduce sewage and sullage pollutants. The Sewerage Services Department was replaced by the National Water Services Commission (NWSC), so advocacy had to re-start in 2008. Budget approval is pending delayed site applications.
Plan status: non-implementation 


Sewage treatment lacks and huge population growth have especially strained Faisalabad’s water and sanitation infrastructure. The Action Plan conducted a survey on sewer line infrastructure and replacement of outlived/old sewer lines. Pumps and disposal station screens were replaced, open channels and drains were remodeled, or replaced with sewer lines, and sludge machinery purchased. Factories were requested to construct their own treatment plants, and the plan stopped new factory establishment in the urban area. The media assisted an environmental awareness campaign, and new legislation was made to stop citizens throwing solid waste into sewers and water channels. Proposed school education programs were not implemented, however.
Plan status: significant implementation 


The plan for Olongapo advocated cleaning a section of the Pagasa River crossed daily by thousands of commuters to and from the city’s Freeport, and near tourism facilities. It proposed partnerships among the city government, community groups, NGOs and schools, to educate and encourage active participation in river cleaning for a model pilot project to be replicated in other areas. Unfortunately though, the plan was not incorporated into the city’s overall planning.
Plan status: non-implementation 


Khon Kaen 

For its water and sanitation infrastructure to remain adequate for projected population growth, the Action Plan for Khon Kaen aimed to reduce water consumption. Baseline data was compiled, which revealed daily water consumption to be 231 liters per person per day. Then, the plan combined media campaigns, citizen awareness activities and partnerships among corporations, universities and community leaders to reduce water consumption. An end line survey is planned.
Plan status: significant implementation 


Before 2007, Danang’s drainage system was often flooded during heavy rains, with mixed rainwater and domestic/industrial wastewater. Through consultation among the Danang People’s Committee, The Drainage and Environment Sanitation Project Management Board and investors, the Action Plan selected a pilot resettlement residential area, and designed a central wastewater treatment system in consultation with Danang University, as a blueprint for adequate sanitation with minimized land pollution and ground water contamination. Implementation was postponed from March to August, 2008, but is now completed and pending expansion.
Plan status: full implementation



AUICK Action Plan Progress Report, 2010


Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 3.1.

Chapter 3.2.

Chapter 3.3.

Chapter 3.4.

Chapter 3.5.

Chapter 3.6.

Chapter 3.7.

Chapter 3.8.

Chapter 3.9.

Chapter 4

Chapter 5



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