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AUICK Action Plan Progress Report, 2010

The Context and Influence of the Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe


3.5. Second 2006 Workshop on Population Aging and Appropriate Measures for the Aged

Second 2006 Workshop

Second 2006 Workshop Action Plan Progress Reports


Second 2006 Workshop

The Second 2006 Workshop on Population Ageing and Appropriate Measures for the Aged was held from 30 October to 10 November. Participants, mostly heads of AAC health and welfare departments, learned about demographic dynamics producing ageing populations in many of their cities, now or at various points in the future. In the context of Kobe City’s experience of providing welfare and services for its aged, who in 2006 represented around 20% of the Japanese population, city officials and academics presented to the workshop on ‘Measures against Population Ageing and the Role of Local Government’, ‘Population Transition and Administrative Countermeasures for the Aged’, and ‘Mental and Physical Health Services for the Elderly’. The workshop also focused on the active involvement and contribution to society of the aged, through discussion sessions with senior activists and visits to a senior college and the Lifelong Learning Support Center, as well as to care-based and residential centers.

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Second 2006 Workshop Action Plan Progress Reports

Chittagong 

Population ageing in 2006 was not a major issue for Chittagong, rather an increasing concern. The city government recognized the need for institutions and policies for elderly welfare, and the Action plan coordinated data collection and discussions with the University of Chittagong toward arranging seminars and workshops on issues affecting the aged. However, the plan’s ultimate aim of establishing an elderly welfare policy unit in the government was not realized.
Plan status: partial implementation 

Weihai 

In 2006, there were nearly 10,000 elderly people without families in Weihai, and a lack of homes for their shelter. The Action Plan achieved support from the Mayor for the allocation of a 10-hectare site to construct a 4,000-bed home for disadvantaged elderly citizens. Funding included 12,000,000 yuan from a city lottery. The home was designed and then built over 18 months, in consultation with Health, Planning and City Construction Bureaus. Medical staff were trained and the center became operational in May, 2008.
Plan status: full implementation 

Chennai 

The ageing issue was not recognized as serious in Chennai in 2006, but an Action Plan was formulated to enable city planners to develop more nursing and care homes, and proposed data collection, permanent and weekly Geriatric clinics, hospital wards, and activity clubs. Despite provisional discussions and data collection, the Geriatric clinics and wards were not considered urgent, and are yet to be arranged.
Plan status: partial implementation 

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Surabaya 

The Action Plan addressed Surabaya’s lack of workers, information, awareness and government support for the welfare of the elderly. Meetings were held among 31 aged care organizations, companies, NGOs, community leaders, women’s and youth groups and government departments, to increase care provision. Airlangga University assisted research, new organizations and activity groups were formed with private sponsorship, services were improved for care provision at 6 elderly homes, and the national family planning program (BKKBN) even established an aged unit. Universal participation made the plan a success, and Surabaya City Government increased budgeting for aged welfare by 150 million Rupiahs.
Plan status: full implementation 

Kuantan 

The Action Plan for Kuantan aimed to gather data for analysis of elderly housing issues and health care services, to provide information to the public and recommendations to the Mayor and key political leaders. It proposed to establish a unit and sub-committee within the city administration, to address issues raised by the analysis, and formulate a Health Service Plan Insurance Scheme. Unfortunately, the plan’s implementation status is not recorded, due to the transferal of the workshop participant from his position.
Plan status: non-implementation 

Faisalabad 

As of 2006, waste disposal in Faisalabad did not incorporate any segregation or treatment. The Action Plan’s integrated solid waste management system purchased equipment (including 10 mechanical sweepers, 416 containers, 200 waste bins and 2,000 handcarts) and employed specialist staff for citizen awareness programmes. Door-to-door waste collection piloted in 8 union councils was then expanded citywide, including slum areas. The plan provided waste composting plants, a landfill weigh-bridge, machinery repair facilities and hospital waste segregation and transportation. Polluting textile factories were relocated out of the urban area, and an EIA for a new landfill site was initiated. Support for the Action Plan came from ‘Greenwatch’, a UNDP funded NGO.
Plan status: full implementation 

Olongapo 

To address limited landfill space and non-segregation of waste, the Action Plan by Olongapo City Environmental Sanitation and Management Office (ESMO) coordinated government offices and NGOs to improve waste management and citizen awareness. It increased training and equipment, purchasing seven new recycled garbage collection trucks. An information and education campaign (IEC) raised awareness through leaflet and letter distribution to every home, and collaborated with schools, churches, organizations, barangay (village) and community assemblies, and the mass-media. Waste-management seminars inform the public on the City Sanitation Law, and the City Government involves barangay officials, academic institutions and the private sector in policy planning. The plan reconditioned Olongapo’s landfill and Material Recovery Facilities (MRF) in 17 barangays, and increased information campaigns and monitoring to reduce waterway pollution. For sustainability, ESMO will advocate for government incentive schemes to households and companies that promote environmental practices. ‘Trash-to-Cash’ projects are also ongoing.
Plan status: full implementation 

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Khon Kaen 

In the three years prior to 2006, the cost of diesel rose 100% in Khon Kaen. The Action Plan addressed this by building a bio-diesel plant, in a collaborative project with Khon Kaen University. This produces up to 600 liters of oil per day, by recycling used cooking oil collected from restaurants, markets and households. Khon Kaen Municipality saves an annual USD 5,000 by using the recycled oil as diesel for machinery. The local media promotes the project, and local water treatment data shows reduced BOD levels - improved water quality from the non-disposal of oil.
Plan status: full implementation 

Danang 

The industrialization of Danang necessitates pollution control and improved waste and sanitation management. The Action Plan piloted a home-waste sorting program, and proposed measures improve industrial and medical waste management, in coordination with Danang People’s Committee’s Danang Environmental friendly city until 2020 plan. The Action Plan initiated awareness programmes and encourages investment from the private sector. Specialists, waste treatment workers and volunteers were recruited and trained, and an Environment Faculty was established at Danang University. Studies gathered information on potential polluting sites, and polluting factories were moved away from the city. Environment protection laws and waste treatment processes were reviewed, and international investment supports a plan to collect Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) from an old landfill site. The construction of an industrial and medical waste treatment plant is proposed.
Plan status: full implementation

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CONTENTS

AUICK Action Plan Progress Report, 2010

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 3.1.

Chapter 3.2.

Chapter 3.3.

Chapter 3.4.

Chapter 3.5.

Chapter 3.6.

Chapter 3.7.

Chapter 3.8.

Chapter 3.9.

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Conclusion

Annex

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