AUICK Action Plan Progress Report, 2010
Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe
| HOME | ABOUT US | PROGRAMS | PUBLICATIONS | DATABASE | WHAT'S NEW | ACCESS | LINKS |

AUICK Action Plan Progress Report, 2010

The Context and Influence of the Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe


3.4. First 2006 Workshop on Population and Environmental Protection in Urban Planning

First 2006 Workshop

First 2006 Workshop Action Plan Progress Reports


First 2006 Workshop

The theme of the First 2006 AUICK Workshop, held from 19 to 29 June, was “Population and Environmental Protection in Urban Planning”. Its participants learned about urban planning of Kobe, and the history and technical aspects of its effective and increasingly environmental waste management system. The Workshop incorporated presentations by Kobe City Environment Bureau and Urban Planning Department Officials on population and urban development, environmental protection, and by UNCRD and Arab Urban Development Institute Officials. These outlined Kobe’s extensive urban greening and highly efficient waste management programmes, and the awareness campaigns that achieved high citizen participation. Participants also visited Minamata, to learn about the environmental degradation and recovery in the city after a mercury-poisoning outbreak in 1956, as well as waste management, recycling and environmental education facilities in Kobe. After learning of the city’s urban and mountain greening projects, they shared AAC waste and greening environmental management strategies.

To TOP

First 2006 Workshop Action Plan Progress Reports

Chittagong 

Chittagong’s urban environment suffers from unplanned waste disposal by 35-40 health clinics and hospitals, and hillside greenery destruction by unplanned development. The Action Plan promoted increased community waste management, hospital waste treatment, and urban greening programmes. Waste management was transferred to the community level in almost 30% of wards, and councilors, NGOs and community members promoted citizen participation in cleaning and waste management in all 41 wards. Around 45 rickshaws were introduced for garbage collection and disposal, and 20% of polluting dustbins were moved away from communities. NGO and private participation was increased in government tree-planting programmes, but planned environmental information leaflet distribution, at-source hospital waste destruction, and waste incinerator establishment were not implemented.
Plan status: significant implementation 

Weihai 

Weihai is a national and international cargo distribution center, where an oil or chemical cargo accident could have serious environmental and human health implications. The Workshop Action Plan improved citywide environmental emergency preparedness and response capacity by updating equipment for monitoring, communication and rescue. An inter-agency steering committee established guidelines for police, environmental protection, medical, rescue, safety surveillance, epidemic prevention, traffic and communication departments. It developed an environmental emergency response plan and database, and conducted monitoring training with international experts, and investigations into harmful substances and potential accidents. Media and information workshops educate citizens on the plan for their preparedness.
Plan status: full implementation 

Chennai 

An Action Plan for Chennai proposed industrial waste surveillance to determine hazard levels and controls, new domestic waste receptacles, and school waste management education. However, the First 2006 Workshop participant deceased soon after returning to Chennai.
Plan status: non implementation 

To TOP

Surabaya 

A significant environmental problem in Surabaya is poor river water quality, due to industrial waste discharge. The workshop Action Plan increased environmental information provision to companies, domestic waste disposal awareness programmes, and school competitions, with NGO assistance. It trained Environmental Agency personnel to inspect hazardous and toxic waste of companies in 20 districts, and conducted laboratory test sampling of water for a monitoring database. Seawater and air pollution monitoring was increased, and septic tank bio-filters for liquid waste discharge were built in four districts. Subsequently, a new environmental license system has issued 580 permits for industries to carry out appropriate waste disposal.
Plan status: full implementation 

Kuantan 

Kuantan’s population is set to double between 2000 and 2020. To reduce waste burden on landfill sites, the Action Plan increased promotion of the 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) to housewives, primary school children and businesses. It increased Environment Department staff recruitment and training, modification of waste separation programs, and production of waste separation containers and information posters. A pilot 2,500-person residential community project sent waste segregation plastic bags to 500 homes, and collected recyclable waste. The ultimate aim is for a 22% recycle-rate in Kuantan by 2020. Solid waste management was transferred to the Federal Government as of January 1 2008, but the Kobe workshop Action Plans continued under the national waste plan for 2007-2010.
Plan status: full implementation 

Faisalabad 

As of 2006, waste disposal in Faisalabad did not incorporate any segregation or treatment. The Action Plan’s integrated solid waste management system purchased equipment (including 10 mechanical sweepers, 416 containers, 200 waste bins and 2,000 handcarts) and employed specialist staff for citizen awareness programmes. Door-to-door waste collection piloted in 8 union councils was then expanded citywide, including slum areas. The plan provided waste composting plants, a landfill weigh-bridge, machinery repair facilities and hospital waste segregation and transportation. Polluting textile factories were relocated out of the urban area, and an EIA for a new landfill site was initiated. Support for the Action Plan came from ‘Greenwatch’, a UNDP funded NGO.
Plan status: full implementation 

Olongapo 

To address limited landfill space and non-segregation of waste, the Action Plan by Olongapo City Environmental Sanitation and Management Office (ESMO) coordinated government offices and NGOs to improve waste management and citizen awareness. It increased training and equipment, purchasing seven new recycled garbage collection trucks. An information and education campaign (IEC) raised awareness through leaflet and letter distribution to every home, and collaborated with schools, churches, organizations, barangay (village) and community assemblies, and the mass-media. Waste-management seminars inform the public on the City Sanitation Law, and the City Government involves barangay officials, academic institutions and the private sector in policy planning. The plan reconditioned Olongapo’s landfill and Material Recovery Facilities (MRF) in 17 barangays, and increased information campaigns and monitoring to reduce waterway pollution. For sustainability, ESMO will advocate for government incentive schemes to households and companies that promote environmental practices. ‘Trash-to-Cash’ projects are also ongoing.
Plan status: full implementation 

To TOP

Khon Kaen 

In the three years prior to 2006, the cost of diesel rose 100% in Khon Kaen. The Action Plan addressed this by building a bio-diesel plant, in a collaborative project with Khon Kaen University. This produces up to 600 liters of oil per day, by recycling used cooking oil collected from restaurants, markets and households. Khon Kaen Municipality saves an annual USD 5,000 by using the recycled oil as diesel for machinery. The local media promotes the project, and local water treatment data shows reduced BOD levels - improved water quality from the non-disposal of oil.
Plan status: full implementation 

Danang 

The industrialization of Danang necessitates pollution control and improved waste and sanitation management. The Action Plan piloted a home-waste sorting program, and proposed measures improve industrial and medical waste management, in coordination with Danang People’s Committee’s Danang Environmental friendly city until 2020 plan. The Action Plan initiated awareness programmes and encourages investment from the private sector. Specialists, waste treatment workers and volunteers were recruited and trained, and an Environment Faculty was established at Danang University. Studies gathered information on potential polluting sites, and polluting factories were moved away from the city. Environment protection laws and waste treatment processes were reviewed, and international investment supports a plan to collect Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) from an old landfill site. The construction of an industrial and medical waste treatment plant is proposed.
Plan status: full implementation

To TOP


CONTENTS

AUICK Action Plan Progress Report, 2010

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 3.1.

Chapter 3.2.

Chapter 3.3.

Chapter 3.4.

Chapter 3.5.

Chapter 3.6.

Chapter 3.7.

Chapter 3.8.

Chapter 3.9.

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Conclusion

Annex

Copyright © 2005 Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe. All rights reserved.