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Providing Primary / Reproductive Health Services in Asian Urban Areas with Attention to Vulnerable Populations, Especially Women and Girls

Section One - The New Urban Challenge for Primary and Reproductive Health Care

2. An AUICK Research Project


With its extended work with its nine Associate Cities (4), AUICK undertook a research project to understand how reproductive health services were being conducted in these cities. We wanted to understand how the city administrators viewed reproductive health issues, what they did to promote reproductive health, what problems they faced, and how much success they had achieved. A set of questions was prepared to be administered by local AUICK city officials. They appear in Annex I. 

The summary report of this research project will be organized in two parts: regional and country/ city specific. First we shall examine all nine cities together to see the regional character of the problem. This will show two things. First it shows how country-specific economic and administrative characteristics affect the overall RH conditions and services. It also demonstrates the utility of UNFPA’s “regional programs”. These have a long and distinctive history, even predating UNFPA itself, but reflecting the distinctive conditions of the larger United Nations system. Regional programs began in the 1950s, shortly after India made its historic and revolutionary decision in 1952 to slow population growth through reducing fertility in marriage. Through Asian regional meetings, organized by the UN Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE, later ESCAP), India led the way for Asian countries to advanced demographic data collection and analysis, showing the high cost of population growth and how it obstructed the economic development that all countries wanted. The regional programs have always been a way for the more advanced countries in the region, on any issue, to set standards for the other countries of the region to emulate. This part of the analysis will pay attention to the areas in which regional activities advanced the RH policy and program activities in other countries. 

The second part will focus on individual countries. Here we shall use the same data outline to identify both the accomplishments and the challenges that the cities face in advancing reproductive health services. 

4. These are (from West to East): Faisalabad, Pakistan; Chennai, India; Chittagong, Bangladesh; Kuantan, Malaysia; Khon Kaen, Thailand; Surabaya, Indonesia; Danang, Vietnam; Weihai, China and Olongapo City, the Philippines.

CONTENTS

Top

Foreword

Section One

The New Urban Challenge for Primary and Reproductive Health Care

Executive Summary

1. Background: Urban Growth and Urban Primary / Reproductive Health (RH) Services

2. An AUICK Research Project Report

3. Regional Findings

4. Individual City Findings

5. Summary and Implications

Section Two

Providing Primary / Reproductive Health Services in Asian Urban Areas with Attention to Vulnerable Populations, Especially Women and Girls:

Nine AUICK Associate City (AAC) Reports

6. Kuantan, Malaysia

7. Khon Kaen, Thailand

8. Weihai, China

9. Surabaya, Indonesia

10. Olongapo, Philippines

11. Chennai, India

12. Faisalabad, Pakistan

13. Danang, Vietnam

14. Chittagong, Bangladesh

Annex I.
Research Instrument: AUICK Research Project Outline

Annex II.
AUICK Research Project Participants


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