AUICK Associate Cities
- CHENNAI (INDIA)
About the City
The capital of Tamil Nadu State, Chennai is Indiafs
fourth largest city
and has a permanent population of around 4.7 million, a floating
population of 1 million, and an annual increase of 200 000 people. The
city encompasses an area of 174 km² and was originally named Madras
upon its foundation as the first municipal chapter in India in 1688.
Located on the Coromandel Coast, 1280 kilometres southeast of Mumbai,
modern Chennai is now known as the gGateway to the Southh. There are
many industries in Chennai, including automobiles, rail coaches,
leather, textiles, tyres, glass, bicycles, petrochemicals, chemicals,
I.T, films and education.
Successful City Initiatives
Tamil Nadu and the city of Chennai have implemented a
project to address water scarcity issues. An ordinance has made it
compulsory for all private homes and government buildings to harvest
rain water. This peoplefs movement has achieved good results. The city
has also initiated the eChennai City River Conservation Projectf to
clear waterways and canals by providing embankments and diverting
sewers for treatment rather than discharging wastewater into the river.
Other successful programmes include a slum health programme, housing
schemes and self employment schemes to improve the conditions of slum
Issues Affecting the City
At present the city can only supply 70 litres of water
per person per
day, but this is far short of the norm of 120 litres. Collection,
transportation and management of solid waste are major challenges for
Chennai. The city generates 3000 tonnes of garbage per day and two
present landfill sites are filling fast. Slum areas are expanding, with
1.3 million people now living in these areas that are characterised by
unemployment, poor access to health care, and low levels of education.
The 1.8 million vehicles that presently choke the city are responsible
for much pollution, parking problems and frequent traffic accidents.